Management and organisational behaviour important questions

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management and organisational behaviour important questions

Organisms and organizations. Kind of a mouthful, but if you take a closer look you might see yourself living in a life sized ant farm. Can human behavior be studied objectively? Why are we running around all the time? Why did we develop such chaotic or super organized workspaces?

Can we manage our workflow successfully? How can we become our best in this outnumbered world of ours? Can we keep our personality and still fit into an organization? How do we interact with our fellow humans at work?

Why do we enjoy our alone time or thrive under pressure? Can we get past our ego and actually do something for the greater good?

Let us know what you discover answering the questions bellow. Organizational Behavior Chapter 1. Sample Question.

Organization Behavior previous paper of 2018 for mba students

High dollar value. All of the above. Ob Exam2. A test of how much is known about organizational behavior. Just the second exam. Organization-based self-esteem. Organizational Behavior Chapter 3. Job characteristics. Social information processing. Cornell integrative model. Organizational Behavior Chapter 2. Job commitment. Job satisfaction. Job performance. Organizational commitment. Mgmt Organizational Behavior Ch 7.

Organisational Behaviour

Decision Making. Organization Quizzes. Aptitude Quizzes. Leadership Quizzes. The question is grammatically incorrect. I do not understand what it is askingOrganizational behavior OB is the academic study of the ways people act within groups.

Its principles are applied primarily in attempts to make businesses operate more effectively. The study of organizational behavior includes areas of research dedicated to improving job performance, increasing job satisfaction, promoting innovation, and encouraging leadership. Each has its own recommended actions, such as reorganizing groups, modifying compensation structures, or changing methods of performance evaluation. The study of organizational behavior has its roots in the late s, when the Western Electric Company launched a now-famous series of studies of the behavior of workers at its Hawthorne Works plant in Cicero, Illinois.

Researchers there set out to determine whether workers could be made to be more productive if their environment was upgraded with better lighting and other design improvements. To their surprise, the researchers found that the environment was less important than social factors. It was more important, for example, that people got along with their co-workers and felt their bosses appreciated them.

Those initial findings inspired a series of wide-ranging studies between and They included the effects on productivity of work breaks, isolation, and lighting, among many other factors. The best known of the results is called the Hawthorne Effect, which describes the way test subjects' behavior may change when they know they are being observed.

Researchers are taught to consider whether and to what degree the Hawthorne Effect is skewing their findings on human behavior. Organizational behavior was not fully recognized by the American Psychological Association as a field of academic study until the s. The leaders of the Hawthorne study had a couple of radical notions. They thought they could use the techniques of scientific observation to increase an employee's amount and quality of work.

And, they did not look at workers as interchangeable resources. Workers, they thought, were unique in terms of their psychology and potential fit within a company. Over the following years, the concept of organizational behavior widened.

Beginning with World War II, researchers began focusing on logistics and management science. Today, those and other studies have evolved into modern theories of business structure and decision-making. The new frontiers of organizational behavior are the cultural components of organizations, such as how race, class, and gender roles affect group building and productivity.Posted December 15, by Aurora. Organizations are focused on improving productivity and profits.

For instance, one of the major trends is improving employee engagement through policies like workplace flexibility. These types of strategies can motivate employees, impacting productivity and profitability.

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Another option is available through the field of organizational behavior management, which takes a more scientific approach to achieving business goals. Organizational behavior management OBM applies behavioral principles to individuals and groups in business, industry, government and human service settings, according to Psychological Services, a publication from the American Psychological Association.

OBM can be seen as the intersection between behavioral science and improvement in organizational environments. OBM is rooted in the field of applied behavior analysis ABAwhich develops techniques to produce socially significant behavior in a wide range of areas and behavioral problems.

ABA is one of three disciplines of behavior analysis, or the science of behavior, which includes:. For instance, instead of focusing on personality traits that are most predictive of high performers, ABA and OBM are more concerned about investigating methods to improve performance. Students receive instruction in current business practices from faculty members with real-world experience.

Organizational behavior management OBM applications isolate, analyze and modify environment events that most directly affect performance. Specific interventions allow practitioners to effectively modify behavior in organizational environments. There are two categories of OBM interventions: antecedent-based interventions and consequence-based interventions. Antecedent-based interventions include task clarification, equipment modification, goal setting, prompting and training.

Consequence-based interventions include feedback, praise and monetary and nonmonetary incentives. Here are some common steps that take place during an OBM consultation, regardless of problem, setting and intervention, according to Psychological Services. Behavior is influenced by the system in which it occurs, yet it can be treated as a unique contributor to many medical errors, and certain changes in behavior can prevent medical error.

One study found that providing feedback to caregivers on the frequency of hand washing led to an increase in hand washing following patient contacts, from 63 percent at baseline to 92 percent after intervention.

Other OBM intervention studies found that behavior-based interventions demonstrated significant increases in hand washing among caregivers. Nonbehavioral attempts were deemed likely to fail at altering actual behavior.

Other OBM interventions were successful. Education, discussion and feedback on proper laboratory tests reduced the overall number of tests ordered without reducing patient outcomes. As a result, there were Managers, executives and other business leaders can work with behavioral specialists to enhance behavior and ultimately lead to better business outcomes. It is one of many strategies and tools for helping an organization achieve its goals. Each program takes place in a fully online learning environment.

Share on Twitter Facebook LinkedIn. Explore Degree. Discover Your Online Program. Gladstone Ave.You are probably wondering why the first section in your organizational behavior text is focused on management theory. Like most modern-day theories and ideologies, organizational behavior has evolved over time as people adapt to changes in society.

In order to understand organizational behavior, we must first understand management theory and how the people before us used these theories to guide and direct formal organizations to be more successful. It is important to remember that organizational behavior has developed from management theory into a distinct field of its own.

So what is management theory? Theories help us understand our experiences by using research and observable facts. Management is the act of supervising and directing people, tasks, and things [1]. So, simply put, management theory is a collection of understandings and findings that help managers best support their teams and goals. Management theories help organizations to focus, communicate, and evolve. Using management theory in the workplace allows leadership to focus on their main goals.

When a management style or theory is implemented, it automatically streamlines the top priorities for the organization. Management theory also allows us to better communicate with people we work with which in turn allows us to work more efficiently.

By understanding management theory, basic assumptions about management styles and goals can be assumed and can save time during daily interactions and meetings within an organization.

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Theories can only reach so far, and management theories are no exception. There is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all management theory. What may work for one organization may not be relevant for another. Therefore, when one theory does not fit a particular situation, it is important to explore the option of developing a new theory that would lead in a new, more applicable direction.

While some theories can stand the test of time, other theories may grow to be irrelevant and new theories will develop in their place. While the next section will get into the nitty-gritty behind the history of different types of management theory, it is important to have a basic understanding as to why management theory was such an important and ground-breaking idea.

The industrial revolution is at the center of management theory.

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From the late s through the early s, the industrial revolution brought extraordinary change to the workplace and forever transformed the way companies operate. The industrial revolution brought better and faster technology allowing companies to perform more efficiently than ever before and gave them the ability to dramatically increase their output. However, increased output meant lower prices which increased demand which in turn required more employees. Companies that once had a couple dozen employees were now growing into gigantic corporations.

No longer was it possible for a manager to know each and every one of their employees on a friendly level. In order to meet demand, company leadership had to ensure their employees were productive. Sounds simple, right? Not exactly. While productivity goals can be set easily, managing a team to meet productivity goals was not so simple.

Organizational Behaviour Online Test Questions

For the first time, managers had to find new and innovative ways to motivate a sizable number of employees to perform.

Since this was a new concept, research, observations, experiments, and trial and error were all used to find new and better ways to manage employees.

In addition, many management theories have developed since the end of the industrial revolution as society continues to evolve. Each management theory plays a role in modern management theory and how it is implemented.Organizational behavior is related to study of human behavior between organizational settings.

It is all about the interference of human behavior with the organization. The job seeker in this field needs to be knowledgeable on both on organizational aspects as well as human behavioral aspects. The organizational behavior interview questions and answers would be a mix of both. As the subject needs a deep understanding of the human behavior and organizational influence on the same, the job interview questions and answers asked here are quite tricky.

Question 1. Concerning Organizational Cultures?

Leadership and Organisational Behaviour - Case Study Example

Answer : The stronger the culture, the more influential it is on employee behavior. Question 2. Shared Organizational Values Are? Answer : different for the various components of a diverse workforce.

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Question 3. Answer : Both the environment and individual differences are important considerations in understanding individual employee behavior. Question 4.

management and organisational behaviour important questions

Answer : it is a significant contributor to high performance. Question 5. Considering Extrinsic Rewards? Answer : benefits are usually based on longevity, not performance.

Question 6. Question 7. Question 8.Organisational behaviour refers to the study of individual, group performance, and activity within an organisation. It is an attempt to create the business organisation in a creative manner. It helps to provide an understanding to examine the factors that are necessary to create an effective organisation. It is very important to study the Organisational behaviour.

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It gives the direction to an organisation and also helps to understand the organizational life. Helps to develop the skills of the employees and gain of knowledge to enhance the performance of the employees. Employees should remain up to date with new technology and use existing one in a better way. Training also improves the required skills of the employees and teach them to perform the tasks independently.

The behaviour of the customer helps the organisation to decide what products and services to be offered. When an organisation builds a strong connection with the customer, an organisation will get an idea about the customer needs.

For understanding the customer behaviour the organisation must conduct surveys and one on one interviews. Motivating your employees is not a big task. In fact, itschedule to have a conversation with them. It is the level of energy, commitment and the creativity that helps the organisation. Use employee reviews on a regular basis to discuss the improvements.

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Every organisation uses a structure that will help to promote the business performance. The organisation guru Drucker has identified 8 key elements which will explain the goals of organisation behaviour briefly.

Why organisational behaviour is important for a company?

The elements are:. Innovation means the positive change in the implementation of organisation by providing the relevant solutions to the customers or full fill their needs in the unique ways.

It requires the active participation between the employer and employee on a regular basis. Management training is important because it is the key to organisational success.MCQ Here we are providing Organizational Behaviour Multiple choice questions with answers.

These MCQs with answers can help students and teachers to understand various concepts of organizational behaviour deeply. These can be used for skill tests or aptitude tests. Com, M. Com etc. Organization structure primarily refers to a. The purpose of job enrichment is to a. Strategic planning as a broad concept consists of a. Hawthorne Studies is related to which stage of the organisational behaviour evolution.

management and organisational behaviour important questions

Organisational behaviour is a field of study backed by a body of associated with growing concern for people at workplace. Organisational behaviour is a A science b An art c A science as well as an art d None of the above.

The field of organisational behaviour examines such questions as the nature of leadership, effective team development, and a Interpersonal conflict resolution; motivation of individuals b Organisational control; conflict management c Motivation of individuals; planning d Planning; development Answer: a. The field of organisational behaviour is primarily concerned with a The behaviour of individual and groups.

The study of organisation behaviour has certain basic assumptions. They are a An industrial enterprise is an organisation of people. Which of the following represents correct sequencing of historical developments of Organisational Behaviour? Which of the following frameworks is used in the development of the overall model of OB? Which of the following frameworks is based on the expectancy, demand and incentive concepts a The cognitive framework b The behaviouristic framework c The social learning framework d The supportive framework.

Which of the following forms the basis for the autocratic model of OB a Obedience b Authority c Power. Which of the following is not correct for the organisational behaviour? Human c. Human Behaviour b. Employer d. Employees Answer: c. Human Behaviour. Character b. OB focuses at 3 Levels- a. Individuals, Organisation, Society b. Society, Organisation, Nation c.

Employee, Employer, Management d. Individual, Groups, Organisation. Scope of OB does not include a. Leadership b.